The city of Jerusalem is significant in a number of ways to many Jews, Christians, and Muslims. It is holy for the three monotheistic religions because of the religious significant events that took place there. Although Jerusalem is unique, it’s important to why it’s significant to different types of religion.
Significance of Jerusalem to Jews
Jerusalem is the holiest city in Judaism and has been the spiritual homeland for Jewish people since the 10th century BCE. The city has become synonymous with hope and meaning for the Jewish life. Jewish people have studied and personalized the struggle by King David to capture Jerusalem and his desire to build a Jewish temple there. Many of King David’s yearnings about Jerusalem have been adopted into prayers and songs. According to the Hebrew Bible, the First Temple, at the site known as the Temple Mount today, was built by King Solomon and finished in 950 BC, and Mount Moriah is where Abraham almost sacrificed his son and talked to God. When the Babylonians captured the city in 580 BC, they destroyed the temple and sent the Jews into exile.
Significance of Jerusalem to Christians
Jerusalem is of great importance to the life of Jesus. Jerusalem is the place where Jesus was brought as a child and presented at the Temple. Jesus preached and healed in Jerusalem. He Last Supper was held in this city as well as his arrest, his trial, his crucifixion, his burial and his resurrection and ascension. It’s very important to Christianity because he preached to the poor in his adult life and was crucified and resurrected by God. The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is said to have been built over the location where the Jesus’ tomb was buried.
Significance of Jerusalem to Muslims
Jerusalem is considered the sacred site in the Sunni Islamic tradition. Prophets were associated with the city and the Islamic prophet Muhammad visited the city on a nocturnal journey. Muhammad is believed by Muslims as the messenger of God, or Allah. He created the Abrahamic religion and the Dome of the rock is a sacred place in Jerusalem for Muslims. This is where Muhammad ascended into heaven and was given the five pillars of Islam from Allah. Part of Jerusalem’s significance and holiness to Muslims derives from its strong association with Abraham, David, Solomon, and Jesus.