The World Expo is basically a major World Fair that anyone can attend. Every five years a World Expo occurs in some wonderful city around the world. To be a host, a country must submit an extensive candidacy application that details their proposed theme, environmental impact, finances, locations, dates for the expo and much more. This application is due six to nine years prior to the proposed date. Once the first application is submitted, any country that is applying for an exhibition that same year has six months to present their application. When the deadline has passed, the Bureau International des Exposition (BIE), which regulates the Expo, assesses the feasibility and effectiveness of each government’s proposed plan. Once the BIE General Assembly decides which proposals they will pursue, they vote on the host country via secret ballot. A candidate will win if they receive 2/3 the majority, however, without this majority the host is determined by eliminating the country with the least amount of votes until only one remains.
The theme of this World Expo is ‘Connecting Minds, Creating the Future’, with the focus on three subthemes:
Mobility – “smart systems of logistics and transportation”
Sustainability – “lasting sources of energy and water”
Opportunity – “new paths to economic development”
The ultimate goal of this theme is to focus on global communities and partnerships to form new, transformative solutions for existing economical and social issues worldwide.
When hosting a World Expo, it is the responsibility of the host country to create a pavilion to accommodate the expo theme and logistics. Therefore, Dubai is creating a sustainable structure that has three areas branching off from a center plaza. Each of these three areas will represent a subtheme. Dubai is planning on constructing the ceiling of this structure using solar panels to contribute to 50% of the energy exhausted. Not only that, but the Expo will occur from October 20, 2020 – April 10, 2021 and once finished, the structure will be reassembled into the Dubai Trade Center Jebel Ali, an Expo museum, a university, apartment buildings and hotels.
This Expo is expected to have 25 million visitors. In preparation for the large crowds, Dubai is spending 8.4 billion dollars to finance this Expo, create more hotels, and expand metro lines. Ultimately, this event is expected to raise 23 billion dollars, which will stimulate Dubai’s economy and recognize Dubai as a “World Hub”.
This is such an educational and impactful event, and is considered to be one of the top three world events; the other two are the World Cup and the Olympics. However, unlike the other two, I haven’t learned about this event until recently. Does society put a stronger emphasis on sports recognition or are we more informed on the World Cup and the Olympics because they are largely televised and advertised? In 2020, both the Dubai World Expo and the summer Olympics will occur, which will attract more attention from citizens around the world?
To watch a virtual view of Dubai’s “Master Plan”, click here.