Hezbollah: A Terrorist Organization to Watch


When most Americans think of Middle Eastern terrorist groups the names Al-Qaeda, ISIS and Hamas are generally the only ones that people can come up with. However, there is a very important terrorist group in Lebanon that the United States should have its eyes on: Hezbollah.

Hezbollah is a terrorist organization based in Lebanon’s Shiite-dominated areas. These areas include the Bekaa Valley, parts of Beirut and southern Lebanon. Hezbollah, also known as “Party of God,” surfaced during the First Lebanon War in 1982 in the aftermath of Israel’s invasion and subsequent occupation in 1982. Their main goal was, and still is, to destroy Israel. Its leader, Hassan Nasrallah, has been quoted in October 2002 saying, “If they (Jews) all gather in Israel, it will save us the trouble of going after them worldwide.”

Since then, under the leadership of Hassan Nasrallah, Hezbollah has conducted suicide bombings, kidnappings, guerrilla attacks and assassinations. They have received the honor of being known as the first organization in modern history to carry out suicide bombing attacks. To carry out these bombings they established terror sleeper cells around the world, weapon stores, safe houses and assets in addition to relying on local criminal organizations. On July 18, 1994, a Hezebollah suicide bomber drove a car with 275 kilograms of explosives in front of the Jewish Community Center in the downtown area of Buenos Aires, Argentina, destroying the building. This attack killed 85 people and wounded 300.

Hezbollah tends to target primarily civilian populations while using its own people has human shields. They hide their weapons and terrorist among civilian facilities such as homes, hospitals, schools and mosques. During the Second Lebanese War in 2006, Hezbollah targeted the populations in northern Israel. They fired over 4,000 rockets and killed 44 civilians in the time of the conflict. At the time that this war broke out Hezbollah had 20,000 rockets in their possession and in 2013 they had over 60,000. They have upgraded their weapons and their potential to reach deeper into Israel and to harm innocent civilians has increased drastically.

Hezbollah Missle Ranges Marisa Fiore GLC

Hezbollah is not only attacking just Israel, but they are attacking Jews worldwide. In a recent New York Times article, Hezbollah Attack Along Bordern With Lebanon Wounds Two Israeli Soldiers, we see that Hezbollah has started up their attacks again on Israel. However, Prof. Eyal Zisser of Tel Aviv University thinks that this is not opening up a new front. They may just be trying to assert their presence on the Israeli border to make Israel aware that they are still there and not going anywhere.

“Yoram Schweitzer, an expert at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv, said that by taking responsibility for the attack, Hezbollah appeared to be signaling that it wanted “to re-establish the rules of the game” in the border area and “to warn Israel not to exploit what it may see as Hezbollah’s weakness.” Mr. Schweitzer added that Hezbollah may also want to burnish its image as the Lebanese resistance against Israel, despite its involvement in Syria.”

My primary question about these recent attacks is what was the point? I am no expert on military tactics, but why are they killing innocent people just to make a point? Do you think they could actually start a full on attack within the next coming months? I think that Hezbollah is something that everyone should be keeping their eye on and monitoring their progress in the next few months.

Sources:

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/08/world/middleeast/israel-soldiers-wounded-hezbollah-explosions.html?action=click&contentCollection=Middle%20East&region=Footer&module=MoreInSection&pgtype=article

http://www.idfblog.com/hezbollah/2013/07/10/hezbollah-army-of-terror/

http://www.cfr.org/lebanon/hezbollah-k-hizbollah-hizbullah/p9155

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5 thoughts on “Hezbollah: A Terrorist Organization to Watch

  1. I think your blog brings up a lot of important facts and awareness. Hezbollah definitely has a prime role among many terrorist groups in the spotlight today. I think it is absurd how in the more recent years Hezbollah really has drastically increased their weapon and rocket possessions to target more of Israel and its citizens. To answer your question, I also don’t understand why it is suicide bombers decide to take on this type of approach to make a point, and many other terrorism scholars are still researching the answer to this question as well. In an article I read called,‘Motives for martyrdom’, scholar Assaf Moghadam explains the complexity of causes among suicide bombers and how they range from many different motives that are still being analyzed, so there definitely isn’t one cause and the question is still being determined.

  2. I think with ISIS being all over the news lately, I think that we need to keep our eyes out for every terror organization that is out there. I have never even heard of Hezbollah, just like 5 months ago I had never heard of ISIS. This goes to show how quickly these organizations can rise.

  3. It is so scary to know that this individuals partake in suicide bombings and are willing to sacrifice themselves to kill so many innocent lives. And the fact that they bombed a Jewish Community Center in Argentina means that they are not only operating in the Middle East. I wonder where their extreme hatred for Jews stems from?

    1. This…article is quite one-sided towards Israel sympathizers and it seems to be missing -alot- of information or only presenting half of the facts. Yes, Hezbollah is considered a ‘Terrorist’ Organization, but the claims of suicide bombings in Argentina and so forth is far from true. Hezbollah is -NOTHING- like the ISIS situation nor Al-Qaeda, as their main goal was and has always been: Protect Lebanon. They in no way are performing the horrendous acts we see ISIS committing.

      You stated they came after the invasion of Israel into Lebanon? That is incorrect. They were born from that very Invasion. Lebanon was near the brink of complete dominance by the Israeli regime if it was not for the militia group rising to push them back. Look at Palestine/Gaza now. Look at what they have become. Do you honestly believe it would have been acceptable for the same to happen to Lebanon? Of course not.

      Hezbollah sees Israel for what it is and knows the many war crimes it has committed to the people of the Middleeast. It sees them as a long term enemy and, yes, that the Middleeast would be far better without them.

  4. This article is quite biased, you need to get your facts straight. The information you provided regarding the suicide bombing in Buenos Aires are far from true. You can check the speech Argentine President Cristina Fernández delivered at the 69th General Assembly a few weeks ago, which clearly states that the investigations have shown that neither Iran nor Hezbollah had anything to do with the attack.

    About the 2006 war, you talked about the 44 who died, but you forgot to mention that over 1200 Lebanese people, mostly children, were brutally killed by Israeli airstrikes and bombings. A huge suburb in our capital city Beirut was completely destroyed, homes were demolished and many families were displaced.

    And the latest attacks? You probably have no idea whatsoever about the daily violations of Lebanon’s sovereignty that are committed by the Israelis, like the constant violation of our airspace, or the kidnapping of Lebanese farmers in occupied Shebaa farms. Also, The Israeli aggression was quite obvious during the latest Gaza war, where the Israelis committed a genocide that should be condemned worldwide.

    Finally, comparing Hezbollah, a resistance group that fights to protect Lebanon and its people, to a terrorist group like IS, which commits massacres and beheads people every hour of everyday is nonsense with all due respect.

    And to finish off, I truly believe that Israelis are a threat to the Middle East just like the Islamic State militants, as it is clear that they follow the same plans and share the similar interests.

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