There has been a constant struggle between Israel and Palestine since the early 20th century. The key issues of conflict are focused around borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian freedom of movement, and finding resolution of the refugee question. These issues have led to severe human rights violence for both sides and other countries as well. Solution attempts have been made, such as the two-state solution, which would allow both Palestine and Israel to form independent separate states. However, there are still disagreements on the line division.
Currently there are two main issues at the core of this continuing conflict. First, trying to maintain an ethnically diverse state, with such a large foreign basis. The original population of what is now Israel was 96% Muslim and Christian, however the refugees of Palestine are prohibited from returning to their homes in this Jewish state, and those still in Israel are discriminated against. The President of the Palestinian Authority and Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization Mahomoud Abbas feels very strongly about this issues stating, “The return of the Palestinian refugee to his or her home is a constant right that can never be debated and a solution to the refugees issue would never be fair as long as it doesn’t include all their historic rights…”
Second, Israel’s military occupation of the privately owned lands in West Bank, and control over Gaza is seen as oppressive, giving Palestinians minimal control over their own lives. There are 10,000 Palestinian men, women, and children held in Israeli prisons. These facts come from the web site (http://www.ifamericansknew.org/history/), which states that Palestinians were beaten and abused in these prisons. “Palestinian borders (even internal ones) are controlled by Israeli forces. Periodically men, women, and children are strip searched; people are beaten; women in labor are prevented from reaching hospitals (at times resulting in death); food and medicine are blocked from entering Gaza, producing an escalating humanitarian crisis. Israeli forces invade almost daily, injuring, kidnapping, and sometimes killing inhabitants.” This web site can be seen as biased if the opinions of the author are pro-Palestine.
As an outside source it is impossible to choose a particular side without having first hand experience. Issues originally focused around religious controversy have now turned into a political struggle for power. Both countries feel that they have a divine right to the city of Jerusalem based on their religious beliefs. So who is to say which religion is correct? Conflicts such as these are difficult to solve because no one side has the right answer. The solution to peace most recently proposed is the two-state division, making Palestine into their own country alongside Israel. There are different views on this solution being successful or not. Israel Lieutenant Moshe Yaalon says, “The State of Israel is ready to give the Palestinians an independent Palestinian state, but the Palestinians are not ready to give us an independent Jewish state . . . Every agreement you make will be the starting point of the next irredenta. The next conflict. The next war.”
As for United States involvement in the conflict there has been a solid support for Israel because of their strong military, oil, and forming close international ties. It is affirmed that U.S taxpayers have given Israel an average of $8 million per day. This could be seen as offensive to other countries; however from a political standpoint the U.S is choosing to help the country that in turn will help them in the future. The video below posted on the The Cairo Review discusses the U.S current involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The article went on to discuss future precautions the U.S should yield, such as taking a neutral stance and promoting peace.